Indonesia is emerging as an increasingly important source of shoe imports into the European Union following the planned introduction of anti-dumping levies against China.

Asian investors are reported to have recently shifted 15 shoe factories from China to Indonesia to avoid the levies, which are being phased in provisionally for full introduction in October.

The shift, involving factories making products for Puma, Adidas and Nike, is set to increase Indonesia's market share in the EU from less than 2% to 3% this year, worth an estimated US$800m.

Officials in Indonesia hope that 35 more Chinese factories will relocate to the country this year. According to industry estimates, China and Vietnam currently account for more than half of shoe sales in the EU.