Cotton, footwear, leather, clothing and textiles have been included in the latest list released by the US Bureau of International Labour Affairs (ILAB) of goods produced in countries that are suspected of using child or forced labour.

The list, produced with the US Department of Labour, includes a list of goods from countries that ILAB has reason to believe are produced with child labour or forced labour, in violation of international standards.

Cotton from Argentina, Azerbaijan, Benin, Brazil, Burkina Faso, China, Egypt, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Mali, Pakistan, Paragua, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan and Zambia were said to use either forced or child labour. 

Footwear from Bangladesh, Brazil, China, India and Indonesia made the list.

Meanwhile, garments from Argentina, China, India, Jordan, Malaysia and Thailand were on the list as was leather from Bangladesh and Pakistan. Textiles from Bangladesh, China, North Korea, and Ethiopia were also accused of violations. 

The report did not reveal the level of child or forced labour involved, and the listing does not mean any punitive action or import curbs by the US.

"These reports remind us of what happens to the most vulnerable members of society when poverty and labour exploitation unite," said Secretary of Labor Hilda Solis.

"The information in these reports is a vital tool in the effort to stop this abuse and can have an enormous impact in the hands of those who want to join efforts to end these labour practices."