- In-depth examination of how shopping habits have changed during the pandemic reveals thriving and fiercely competitive retail market.
- Report finds that pandemic is increasing adoption of multichannel shopping behaviour by customers, with rapid growth of buy online, pick up in-store, as well as in-store returns for online purchases.
- Physical stores with multichannel offerings have driven much of the growth in online sales.
Shopping habits in the US and Europe shifted dramatically because of disruption caused by the coronavirus pandemic, driving rapid adoption and growth in ‘buy online, pick up in store’ services. And new research reveals that going forward, this combination of online and physical sales channels will form a highly competitive single retail market.
The findings of a new report on ‘Multichannel Retail and Covid-19‘ by GlobalData reveal that transactions made through online channels (desktop and mobile point of transaction) did not exceed 30% of total retail sales at the peak of lockdown in any country covered by the study – and many of those sales were supported by physical stores, with “click and collect” soaring.
The report also explores how buying behaviour has evolved since lockdowns have ended and reveals that the sales penetration of the online channel is falling as consumers return to stores and make greater use of fast-growing multichannel services.
The findings in the report are drawn from GlobalData’s consumer panel, which has tracked the shopping behaviours and buying habits of over 82,500 consumers since the pandemic started. GlobalData also drew on detailed data provided to it by individual retailers as well as interviews with retail executives. An exhaustive review and analysis of existing reports on the consumer spending habits in the broader retail industry was also conducted.
“Despite claims that the growth of online shopping is leading to a ‘retail apocalypse,’ the reality is that many retailers across all sectors are thriving because they are innovating with multichannel to provide a convenient shopping experience for consumers. A very significant proportion of sales that are attributed to the online channel are, in fact, multichannel sales that rely on both stores and online for success. On average, one third of “online” non-food purchases – where a customer actually transacts online – are in fact reliant on physical stores for product selection, pick up, or return,” says Neil Saunders, GlobalData’s lead retail analyst.
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The report also dispels the notion that retail can be neatly divided between online and offline shopping channels, but that consumers shop simultaneously across channels and see them as substitutable.
“The concept of separate channels has always been somewhat meaningless, but the pandemic is making it even more so. For any given purchase, shoppers are increasingly using a mix of channels and are swapping between them based on their needs. In the United States, for example, US stores are now supporting a greater proportion of online channel sales than they were at the start of the pandemic – mostly because retailers have quickly introduced things like curbside collection – leading to soaring online growth at big box retailers.”
Across all countries a majority of shoppers say they will make greater use of multichannel services even as things return to normal. Meanwhile, a majority of retail executives are planning to invest more in the multichannel parts of their business such as curbside collection and fulfilment from stores.,
“The idea that there is a battle between online and physical retail is outdated. There is only one retail battlefield and the fight is between all the players on it – and those that have strong multichannel options with both an established store network and online presence now have the advantage,” Saunders adds.
Key findings from the report
- During the pandemic the best online channel growth rates were achieved by those retailers employing multichannel services; this included many traditional retailers like Best Buy, Target, Dick’s and Walmart – as well as small retailers supported by services like Shopify. Many of these retailers are now growing at a faster clip than more online focused retailers like Amazon.
- In the US, over the course of 2020, almost 36% of online non-food spend will be supported by physical stores. This is up by 2.6% points since the start of the year.
- 68% of US shoppers say that they are going to make more use of drive-up curbside collection facilities at stores in the future and almost 60% say they will make greater use of collect from inside store services.
- 89% of retail executives in the US say that physical stores will drive just as many, or more, sales for their business as they did before the pandemic started. And 87% are backing these sentiments with action by planning to invest more capital in multichannel capability – which allows online and stores to operate seamlessly together – over the next five years.
- 79% of US consumers say they missed the social interaction of physical stores during lockdown, and 71% say that not being able to visit stores during the height of the pandemic reduced the overall amount of money they spent on non-food.
- At the height of the lockdown, US online sales were 21.4% of retail sales – up by 7.5% over the full year 2019 percentage. However, two months after lockdowns ended, online sales as a percent of all retail sales had fallen by 3.9 percentage points to a more modest 17.5%.
“The lesson from this report is that even as we emerge from the pandemic, retailers of all stripes are succeeding by innovating to provide the experience customers demand in terms of convenience, including multichannel options,” Saunders concludes.
“This trend further confirms that retail customers do not distinguish between online and offline options. Retailers may plan in terms of channels, but channels should be invisible to the shopper who seamlessly move between them for browsing, product research, point of transaction, receiving the product and returns or aftercare.”
The report, which was supported by Amazon, can be downloaded for free from GlobalData at the following link: ‘Multichannel Retail and Covid-19‘.